The colonialization of the New World was responsible for the introduction of cockfighting to the Americas. Descendants of the original Spanish fowl, distinctly different than their western European counterparts, are still found in their purity in Puerto Rico, Cuba, and other locations. The English and Irish colonists were as devoted to the sport as their countrymen in Europe. Cockfighting and horse-racing were among the main diversions of the time, with advertisements and accounts of the more significant matches published in newspapers.|
Alexander Hamilton, George Washington, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln, Benjamin Franklin, Andrew Jackson, and Henry Clay are a few of the more prominent early Americans who are reported to have enjoyed the sport. There are numerous references to Gamecocks during the 18th century. A famous bloodline of fowl known as "Delaware Blue Hens" also became the nickname for the 1st Delaware Regiment of the Continental Army, as the men displayed extreme courage in battle. To honor the soldiers that fought to achieve independence from England, the State of Delaware declared the "Blue Hen" as the state bird.
In South Carolina, General Thomas Sumter earned the nickname "Gamecock" as his troops were one of the major forces that drove the British out of South Carolina. Today, the mascot for the University of South Carolina is the Fighting Gamecocks. continued...
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